Gita : Ch-13. Slo-5. Discussion-1.
Thursday, Oct 13, 2016.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Slokam-5. ( That knowledge of the field of activities and of the knower of activities is described by various sages in various Vedic writings-especially in the Vedānta-sūtra-and is presented with all reasoning as to cause and effect. )
rshibhirbahudha gitam chandobhir vividhaih prthak,
brahmasutrapadaiscaiva hetumadbhir viniscitaih.
rshibhih bahudha = by Rishi-s in many ways;
vividhaih chandobhih = many different Vedic mantra-s ( hymens );
hetumadbhih viniscitaih = with cause and effect and ascertain ( certain and sure );
brahma-sutrapadais eva ca = the vedantam and aphorism too;
( etat) prthak gitam = variously described ( this specially reflected ).
The tattva or conclusive truth regarding the ksetra or field of activity being matter and the ksetrajna being the knower or witness within the field of activity have been variously described by the rsis or holy sages such as Parasara and Vasistha.
In the Visnu Purana II.XIII. verse LIXX beginning aham tvancha we find :-
"O king of the Earth we are all derived of the 24 elelments by which embodied being en masse take the bodily shape corresponding to their attraction to the three gunas or modes of material nature."
In verse LXX beginning karma vasya guna we find : -
"Verily O king the three gunas of sattva or goodness, rajas or passion and tamas or ignorance are dependent solely upon karma or reactions to one's own actions which are all the consequence of avidya or the absence of knowledge which is part of all creatures at birth."
Yet in verse LXXI beginning atma suddho we find revealed : -
"That the immortal soul is purely spiritual, imperishable, sublime, devoid of material qualities and distinctly different from prakriti or the material substratum pervading all physical existence."
Next : Discussion-2.
To be continued ....