Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : a part epic Mahabharatham .
Spread in 18 chapters and 700 slokams and situated in Bhishma-Parvam of Mahabhagavatham, chapters 25 to 42.
The whole Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and Lord Krishna on various subjects, clearing all doubts.
We are all Arjunas and Lord is here as our Guru,
We must study this "Tattva-Sastram"and follow in our daily life.
We must realise Lord within us and not in temples only.
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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. -Discussion - 2.
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)
jneyam yat tat pravakshyami yatjnatvamrtamasnute,
anadimat param brahma na sat tannasaducyate.
jneyam yat = (which ) the one which is to be known ( knowledge );
yat jnatva = ( if ) that one is known ( knowing that knowledge );
amrtam asnute = results in gaining amrtatvm;
tat pravakshyami = that I will tell ( teach ) you;
anadimat param brahma = that is the beginningless Para-brahmam ( the Supreme abode ) ;
tat sat na asat na = that either sat ( cause ) or asat ( effect );
ucyate = cannot be said ( called ).
After describing the 20 indispensable attributes that are required to achieve the Supreme Ultimate Truth now Lord Krishna explains at length the nature of the ksetra-jna or knower of the field of activity with reference to the individual atma or immortal soul which is well worth knowing and of great value.
Understanding that the atma is eternal and completely different from the perishable physical body and is not subject to mundane modifications like birth, old age, disease and death one begins to taste supreme bliss. The atma is beyond all the qualities and potencies of material existence no matter how powerful they may be.
The Prasna Upanisad V.V beginning yah punaretam trima trenomiti meaning: One beholds the Supreme Being residing within the etheric heart and is higher than the highest living reality. Then access to the realm of the Supreme Lord is achieved which is permeated by the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and is the prime cause of primordial matter, the jiva or embodied being and eternal time.
The true nature of the brahman the innermost self as the atma is revealed and all nescience is completely removed. This is known to be neither sat or existence and neither asat or non-existence. To be continued .......