Gita : Ch-13. Slo-4. Discussion-1.
Sunday, Sep 18, 2016.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-4. ( Now please hear My brief description of this field of activity and how it is constituted, what its changes are, whence it is produced, who that knower of the field of activities is, and what his influences are.)
tatkshetram yacca yadrkca yadvikari yatasca yat,
sa ca yo yat prabhavasca tat samasena me srnu.
tat kshetram yat ca = what is that kshetram ( body / field of activities );
yadrk ca = how it is ( as it is );
yadvikari = what are its emotions ( changes );
yatah ca yat = from which, how it happened;
ca = not only that;
sah yah = who is that kshetrajnan;
yat prabhavah ca = what are his glories;
tat samasena = those things, briefly;
me srnu = hear from Me.
Now Lord Krishna is more explicitly explaining details about the tat ksetram or field of activity.
Its yadrik ca or its substantial nature regarding its use and function and its purpose.
Also its yad vikari or transformations and modifications along with its yatas or from whence it came meaning its origin and how it was created and for whose use.
Yat refers to its attributes and qualities.
Also He is inferring that knowledge about the intrinsic nature of the ksetra-jna as the knower of the ksetra which is the atma or eternal soil will be revealed as well along with its inherent potencies which is confirmed by the word prabhavas ca meaning virtues, potency and powers.
Lord Krishna will give a summary of all these things.
Here prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence which has 24 categories consisting of the mind, ego, five organs of perception, the five senses, etc.is specifically meant by the word ksetra or the field of activity.
Yet since the non-distinctiveness of matter as I and mine is evolved as such only in the physical body, in order to differentiate from it this body is called the ksetra.
To clarify in further detail Lord Krishna proposes to explain what the ksetra referred to by Him is in itself such as inert, of the nature of its object, etc.
What is it like such as possessed of qualities such as desire and aversion.
What are its modifications such as which senses is it endowed with.
How does it arise meaning how is it in conjunction with prakriti and the brahman.
What is its form and how is it directed to be either sentient or insentient in just one of innumerably unlimited varieties of species.
Also what is the ksetrajna or knower of the ksetra in reality and what power does it have by virtue of its transcendental and inconceivable majesty by the potency it is endowed with.
All these things Lord Krishna will now explain in brief.
To be continued ...